Special article: 

Understanding manic-depressive illness

It isn't the same thing as “bipolar disorder”

Before 1980, there was no such thing as bipolar disorder.  And there was no such thing as “major depressive disorder.” There was depression, of course, and there was mania.  And there was hypomania too.  But clinicians and researchers saw all those mood states as parts of the same single illness.  You could have just depression; you could have both mania or hypomania and depression.  It didn't matter: it was all one illness.

Called manic-depressive illness (MDI), this single mood illness meant...

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