Special article: 

Personality - Traits or disorders?

The concept of personality traits is more scientifically valid,
and can be more clinically useful, than personality “disorders”


Personality always has been an important aspect of psychiatric diagnosis and practice.  In the DSM era, personality has been conceptualized, like everything else, through the prism of “disorders”, an explicitly vague term. One feature of personality “disorders” is its commitment to a categorical concept. Your personality is either normal or disordered. Besides this approach, there is another approach, long established in the experimental psychology (not psychiatry) literature: the concept of personality traits, or dimensions.  On this view, personality traits are present in everyone, occurring on a normal curve, with all of us have more or less of a trait. At the extremes, personality traits can be seen as “abnormal”, but not...

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In this article, we discuss models to understand personality and its clinical implications, besides:

  • Temperament and character 
  • History of DSM 5 and previous approaches
  • The ten "personality disorders" and the scientific validity of each
  • Treatment

PL Reflection

"Madness (Folie):  A brain disease that keeps a man from thinking and acting as other men do."   

      Voltaire (Philosophical Dictionary)

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